Alexander Ostrovsky statue
Public Art : Alexander Ostrovsky statue
Sculptor: © Nickolay Andreyev (1873–1932)
Description: A bronze statue of the burly
Russian playwright Ostrovsky (1823-1886), who is considered one of the most important Russian playwrights of the
19th century .The seated depiction looks very similar to the portrait of Aleksandr Ostrovsky by Vasiliy
Date Unveiled: May 27, 1929
Location: The Ostrovsky statue stands outside the
Maly Theatre ("The Ostrovsky house") in Moscow, Russia. This was where all his plays were staged.
Things You May Not Know About Aleksandr Ostrovsky :
To this day his dramas are among the most widely read and frequently performed
stage pieces in Russia.
His literary writings included 47 original plays, 22 plays he translated from
Italian, French, Spanish, and Latin, and 7 plays he co-authored with various writers.
Turgenev wrote "Nobody has had such glorious, tasteful and clear Russian
language before Ostrovsky,"
In the 1900s the sculptor Andreyev fell foul of Stalin, who hated his interpretation of a seated
bronze of famous Russian writer Gogol, which he called dark. It was later removed in 1952 and replaced with a more
Soviet-style representation of Gogol by sculptor Nikolai Tomsky.
Further fury followed when Andreyev produced a realist style drawing of Stalin in 1922. The drawing
included Stalin's pockmarked face and dodgy arm . Despite signing the piece, Stalin later turned on the sculptor,
stating he had no idea about human anatomy.
Another work by sculptor Andreyev, the statue of Liberty atop the "Freedom" obelisk, erected to
commemorate the Soviet Constitution, was blown up in 1941 during “ the reconstruction of Gorky Street,” and under
orders of Stalin. It was replaced with the equestrian statue of Yuri
Dolgorukiy. The head of Liberty was sneakily pulled by a female curator of the Tretyakov Gallery despite the
area being heavily guarded. It is rumored she jumped from a taxi, climbed a fence and grabbed the only thing left,
Liberty's head. The staff, in fear of being caught with the object hid the head in one of their cellars in the
Tretyakov Gallery and wasn't listed in the gallery’s catalogue until the 1950s. It was put on public display for
the first time in 1967. Over the decades their have been several moves to have a new "Freedom" obelisk erected but
so far none have ever eventuated . It was written that “Twentieth century Russia passed into history as the only
country in the world which blew up the symbol of its own freedom”