Civil War Monument
Public Art: Civil War Monument
Artist/Sculptor: © Designed by Captain John D.
Howland and modelled by Swiss aculptor J. Otto Schweizer.
Date: Unveiled on July 24, 1909.
Description: The Civil War Monument features a bronze
figure of a Union Soldier facing South with gun in hand standing a top a stone base.The stone base is adorned with
four tablets which list the battles and the names of the soldiers who died during the Civil War. Chiseled into
the base is also a statement proudly proclaiming that Colorado had the highest average of volunteers in
the Civil War of any state or territory in the Union. Yet another plaque on the base refers to the discovery of
gold at Pikes Peak in 1858 by Green Russell and others. The final plaque simply reads, " For the Unknown
Dead." Located on stones at the foot of the statue is a plaque
referring to the tragic Sand Creek Massacre, see inscription below.
Location: The west entrance of the Colorado State
Capitol building, Denver, Colorado, United States.
Funded by: Donations from both the taxpayers and the
Colorado Pioneer's Association.
History: Captain John D. Howland was commissioned to
complete the Civil War Monument in 1908. Howland was a member of the 1st Colorado Cavalry and an accomplished
artist who had studied in both Europe and Mexico. His teacher and mentor was Armand Dumeresq (secretary to the
Indian Peace Commission). The names of the dead soldiers weren't added to the base until the 1920's.
Controversial Inscription :
|The controversy surrounding this Civil war Monument has become a symbol of
Colorado's struggle to understand and take responsibility for our past. On November 29, 1864,
Colorado's first and Third Cavalry, commanded by Colonel John Chivington, attacked Chief Black
Kettle's peaceful camp of Cheyenne and Arapalio Indians on the banks of Sand Creek, about 180 miles
southeast of here.
In the surprise attack, soldiers killed more than 150 of the village's 500 inhabitants. Most of the
victims were elderly men, women and children.
Though some civilians and military personnel immediately denounced the attack as a massacre, other
claimed the village was a legitimate target. This Civil war Monument, paid for by funds from the
Pioneers'Association and the State, was erected on July 24, 1909, to honor all Colorado soldiers who
had fought in battles of the Civil War in Colorado and elsewhere. By designating Sand Creek a battle,
the monument's designer mischaracterized the actual events. Protests led by some Sand Creek descendants
and others thoughout the twentieth century have since led to the widespread recognition of the tragedy
as the Sand Creek Massacre.
This plaque was authorized by Senate Joint Resolution 99-017
Well I Never! : Rumor has it that some of the men
listed on the Civil War plaques didn't actual die in battle, in fact some deaths weren't even military
related. Among the causes of death included; firing squad (I presume treason?); death by pub brawl; and
several deaths from diseases which were not military related (I don't want to know). The problem, it seems, was the
committee had to purchase the list from the daughter of Colonel George Shoup and when they finally got the list
they didn't bother to check it. (Thank you Mindy Elswick and Denver Post)