Public Art : Decembrist Memorial
Sculptor: © Unknown
Description: The Decembrist memorial features 8 bas
Date Unveiled: 1959
Location: The Decembrist Memorial can be found at the
Petrovsk-Zabaykalsky station (on the Trans Siberian line), Russia.
Background to the Decembrist Uprising: The Decembrist
revolt took place in the Senate Square in Saint Petersburg on 26th December, 1825, in protest against Nicholas
I's assumption of the throne . The revolt was lead by a group of liberal military officials who felt threatened by
the new ruler's conservative views.
When Tsar Alexander I died on the 1st December, 1825, it was thought that Constantine,
Nicholas' older brother, would inherit the throne. Unfortunately, he had married a Polish woman with no royal
blood and therefore had to relinquish his claim. Enter Nicholas I, the less popular brother.
The military rebels were not happy with a Russian monachy and wanted a free Russian state,
with a federal government and constitution, instead of government under the tsar. Of course Nicholas I opposed
On December 14, 1825 several officers and about 3,000 military men gathered in Senate Square,
outside the Winter Palace, in St. Petersburg, refusing to swear allegiance to the new tsar, Nicholas I, and
proclaiming instead their loyalty to Constantine and the Constitution. Nicholas, reluctant to open fire on the
rebels and create a bloodbath, decided to initiate peace talks. After several hours negotiations broke down and
orders were given to open fire on the men.