Fountain of Neptune
Public Art : Fountain of Neptune
Sculptor: © Bartolomeo Ammannati
Description: The 4.2-metre monument was
carved from specially chosen Apuan marble and features Neptune (Roman god of the sea) standing high on an octogonal
fountain. The face of Neptune was carved to resemble Cosimo De' Medici (1389 - 1464) who had always envisiaged a
monument to the god of the sea in the centre of the city. During his reign, Medici had great ambitions for making
Florence a naval super power. The pedestal is decorated with the mythical chained figures of Scylla and Charybdis.
The bronze statues which decorate the fountain are the work of Flemish artist, Jean de Boulogne. The fountain
features bronze river gods, smirking satyrs, marble sea horses and a giant sea shell.
Location: One of many
statues and fountains lined up on the Piazza della Signoria in front of the Palazzo Vecchio in Florence, Italy.
History of the Fountain of Neptune: The Fountain of
Neptune has been standing proudly in Piazza della Signoria in Florence since 1575, having taken 10 years to
complete. Neptune was carved by Michelangelo's apprentice Bartolomeo Ammannati for the wedding of Francesco I de'
Medici and grand duchess Johanna of Austria in 1565. The original commission was given to Baccio Bandinelli but he
died before even making a mark on the big block of Apuan marble. The job was then given to Ammannati but
unfortunately his end result was not appreciated by either the locals nor the master (Michelangelo). It was
rumoured that Michelangelo's only comment to the sculptor was "what a beautiful piece of marble you've ruined."To
add insult to injury the locals began to use the fountain to wash their clothes in.
Fountain of Hard Knocks! : Standing in the middle of one of the busiest piazzas in Italy it is not surprising that the poor old
Neptune Fountain has had its fair share of abuse and vandalism over the years. In fact it has had so many incidents
it is worth a recap.
At the end of the 16th century the fountain was used by the locals as a tub to
clean their dirty laundry . It became so popular in fact that if you look carefully (and can read
Italian) there is a marble plaque on the wall of the Palazzo Vecchio which gives the address of the local
police station and a nice little warning about using the fountain to wash clothes or to throw rubbish
On 25th January 1580 the first recorded vandalism of the statue occurred. All
the decorations, apart from the four bronze figures and their satyrs, were damaged or destroyed.
In 1830 during a carnival a group of masked men stole a bronze satyr which was
later replaced by another (sculpted by Giovanni Pazzi).
1848 it was damage by Bourbon bombardments.
In 1981 the front hooves of one of Neptune's chariot pulling horses were
In 1982 one of Neptune's shoulders was painted bright blue following a win by
the Fiorentina soccer club.
In 1986 and 1989 the hooves of the horses were once again broken
A couple of years later a man in underpants climbed the statue and removed the
spiky ring which is used to deter pigeons from relieving themselves on it.
A young boy scaled Neptune one early morning and managed to break
off Neptune's right hand and his trident, before plummetting into the fountain below. All was caught on
sercurity cameras. This little episode resulted in 30 pieces of shattered Neptune and shell having to be
Vandals in 2005 once again scaled the 4. 2 metre statue breaking off the hand
It may help to know that the Neptune is actually a copy of the original and was
made in the 19th century. The original is safe and sound inside the National Museum.
Other Neptune Statues From Around the World :
Trevi Fountain - Rome, Italy. Yes, the fountain depicts Neptune.
Neptunbrunnen - Berlin, Germany
Captain Arthur Phillip Fountain - Sydney, Australia. Call it clutching at straws but this fountain
does feature a bronze statue of Neptune (complete with trident).