Jose Bonifacio de Andrada e Silva statue
Public Art: Jose Bonifacio de Andrada e Silva statue
(commonly known as the Andrada statue)
Sculptor: © Jose Otavio Correia Lima (1878-1974)
Description: A 9ft tall bronze statue of naturalist,
poet and hero of Brazilian Independence Jose Bonifacio de Andrada e Silva (June 13th, 1763-April 6th. 1838).
Date Unveiled: Andrada was dedicated on the 22nd
Location: The Jose Bonifacio de Andrada e Silva
statue is located along the Avenue of Americas in Bryant Park on 6th Avenue, Manhattan, New York City. It is
one of six statues commemorating historical figures from the Americas. It was originally erected on the northwest
corner of Bryant Park but was moved in the 1990's to its present location.
Background: The statue was a gift to the City of New
York by the Brazilian government following a competition.
Acknowledgements: Thank you to David Westerman and
Heidi Armstrong from State Custodians for kindly providing the
So who was Jose Bonifacio de Andrada e Silva? :
Andrada was born in Santos, Sao Paulo (then part of the Portuguese Empire) on the 13th of June,
In 1800 he was appointed professor of geology at Coimbra (Portugal) and shortly after inspector
general of the Portuguese mines.
In 1812 he was made the perpetual secretary of the Sciences Academy of Lisbon.
During his time living in Europe, Andrada studied chemistry and mineralogy and discovered 4 new
minerals including andradite, Petalite, spodumeme.
He returned to Brazil in 1819, at the age of 56, to basically retire but instead found
himself directing Brazil in its independence process.
During the Independence of Brazil, Andrada was made the minister of the interior and of foreign
He was instrumental in stopping Brazil splitting into various countries during their fight for
independence. He prepared a document called "Lembrancas e Apontamentos" which provided a master plan for the new
nation and covered in detail everything necessary for Brazil to build a strong social, political and economic life
for the future.
In July 1823 he was dismissed from office due to his democratic ideals. A few months later, after
the dissolution of the Constituent Assembly he was banished to France. He was permitted to return to Brazil 6
years later but found himself arrested in 1833 accused of being a traitor.
Jose Bonifacio is often referred to as the " Greatest Man in Brazilian History" and the "Patriarch
Every year on the 7th of September the Brazilian government has a ceremony at the Andrada statue in
Bryant Park. It is attended by 20 cadets of West Point and over 250 guests including the ambassadors of Uruguay,
Argentina, Bolivia and Colombia.