Nicholas I Monument
Public Art : Nicholas I Monument (also known as
Monument to Nicholas I)
Sculptor/Architect : © Auguste de Montferrand
(January 23rd, 1786 – July 10th, 1858) and Baron Peter Clodt von
Date Unveiled: The Nicholas I Monument was unveiled
on the 25th June, 1859.
Location : In front of Saint Isaac's Cathedral on St
Isaac's Square (Isaakievskaya Square) in Saint Petersburg, Russia.
Description : The16.3m Neo-Baroque monument
depicts Nicholas I on his stead.The bronze horse on which Nicholas sits was based on a large model created by
Russian sculptor Peter Klodt, while the multi layered pedestal was based on a model sculpted by N. Ramazanov and R.
Zaleman. Zaleman was also responsible for the four allegorical female figures (modelled on Nicholas I's daughters),
steel fixtures and ornaments on the pedestal and bas-relief. The multi layerered pedestal is made up of 118 blocks
of granite and white marble.The platform was made from red Finnish granite, the lower pedestal from dark grey
granite and red porphyry. The pedestal on which the horse stands was sculpted from white Italian marble.
The bas reliefs include "14th of December, 1825, the Emergence of Nicholas I on Sennaya Square during the Cholera
Riots of 1831"; "Opening of the Bridge on Nikolaevskaya Railroad in 1851 and "Approval of the Code of Laws of
History of the Nicholas I Monument : It
was Nicholas I's successor, Alexander II, who requested the Russian ruler be depicted on his horse and in his
The statue faces the Saint Isaac's Cathedral (designed by Auguste de Montferrand) while the horse's
rear faces the Mariinsky Palace, his daughter, the Grand Duchess Maria Nikolayevna of Russia's home.She
was reportedly not impressed.
The Monument to Nicholas was the first equestrian statue in the world to have only two support
points (the rear feet of the horse).
When the Bolsheviks began tearing down all the memorials to Nicholas I across Russia, they left
this one alone as a sign of respect to the artist.