Order by Antoine-Louis Barye
Public Art : Order sculpture
Sculptor: © Antoine-Louis Barye (1795-1875)
Date Unveiled: The Order sculpture
was originally cast in 1854. This cast was produced in 1885.
Cast: Barbedienne Foundry
Background: William Walters made his fortune in
the wholesale whiskey business and investments in railroads. In the 1850s he began to collect art. In the 1860s he
and his family moved to Europe where he met artists and art dealers. It was during this time that Walters met
French artist Antoine-Louis Barye and fell in love with his work. He and his son Henry would spend the next 5
decades collecting his works.
In 1873 Walters arranged to purchase every cast available of Barye's work. The sculptor
responded with "Ah, Monsieur Walters! My own country has never done anything like that for me."
In 1885, ten years after the death of Barye, Walters unveiled 5 of his sculptures that Walter
had commissioned from Barbedienne Foundry for the city of Baltimore.These included, Force, Order, War , Peace
and Seated Lion. To balance the Seated Lion, Walters also donated a cast of Military Courage by Paul Dubois. All
of these works were installed in the park outside his house on Mount Vernon.
So who was Antoine-Louis Barye? Antoine-Louis
Barye(1795-1875) was a French sculptor during the Romantic era, who became one of France's best
known animaliers (artists who created realistic portrayals of animals and monsters of legend and myths). Bayre
spent a great deal of time observing the movement and poses of animals at Jardin des Plantes . He also attended
numerous animal disections at the anatomy laboratory in the Natural History Museum in Paris. He
established his first studio in 1832.
In 1848 Barye declared bankruptcy thanks, in part, to his obsession with perfectionism and the
financial crisis and revolution. As a result his plasters, models and all rights to produce them were sold in order
to pay his debts.
Over 230 of Barye's casts were purchased by Ferdinand Barbedienne following the sculptor's death.
All sculptures cast after his death were marked with a different stamp than those during his lifetime.