Quadriga dell'Unita

 Quadriga dell'Unità, Rome, public art

Public Art: Quadriga dell'Unita

Also Known As : Quadriga Unit

Sculptors: © Carlo Fontana (5th October, 1865 - 16th October 1956 ) and Paolo Bartolini (1859 - 1930)

Description: There are two Quadrigas atop the Vittorio Monument representing Unity (Patriae Unitati) and Liberty (Civium Libertati). The bronze group feature a winged Victory standing on her chariot waving to the citizens of Rome. Fontana was commissioned to create the left Unity Quadriga and Bartolini the right Liberty group.

Date Unveiled: Despite winning the competition to produce the Quadrigas in 1908 it would take 20 years for them to be installed in 1928.

Location: The two Quadrigas are located atop the Monument to Vittorio Emanuele II, Piazza Venezia, Rome, Italy.

Quadriga dell'Unita Trivia: Fontana chose Rosalie Brown as the model for Unity, while Bartolini chose to stick to tradition by using the face of the noblewoman Vittoria Colonna, Duchess of Sermoneta for Liberty.

What is a Quadriga? :

A quadriga is a chariot drawn by four horses which were often raced during the Ancient Olympic Games. Quadrigas became symbols of Victory and Triumph and are often depicted with either Victory (Victoria) or Fame (Pheme or Fama) behind the reigns of the chariot. Victory being the Roman Goddess and Fame being the Greek equivilent. In mythology the quadriga is the chariot of the gods. Apollo is often depicted driving his quadriga across the heavens.

All modern quadrigas are based on the Triumphal Quadriga or Horses of St Mark's in Venice.This being the only surviving quadriga from ancient times. The Venetian crusaders stole them in 1204 during the crusades from the Hippodrome of Constantinople. Nearly 500 years later Napoleon stole the horses from the Venetians and carted them off to Paris. They were later returned in 1815. 

So Where are All The Quadrigas Around The World?

Brussels, Belgium - Quadriga of Brabant atop Parc du Cinquantenaire, by sculptors Thomas Vincotte and Jules Lagae.

London, England - Wellington Arch Quadriga atop the Wellington Arch, by sculptor Adrian Jones

Paris, France - Carrousel quadriga atop the Arc de Triomphe, by sculptor Baron François Joseph Bosio.

Paris , France - Two quadrigas atop the Grand Palais, Georges Recipon

Berlin, Germany - Quadriga of Victory atop the Brandenburg Gate, by sculptor Johann Gottfried Schadow.

Braunschweig, Germany - Quadriga atop the Royal Palace

Dresden, Germany - Panther Quadriga atop the Semperoper

Munich, German - A lion quadriga atop the Siegestor (Victory Gate), by sculptor Martin von Wagner

Rome, Italy - Quadriga dell'Unita atop the Monument to Vittorio Emanuele II, by sculptor Carlo Fontana

Venice, Italy - Horse's of St Mark's / Triumphal Quadriga, St Mark's Basilica, (Oldest surviving quadriga)

Moscow, Russia - Bolshoi Theatre Quadriga , sculptor Peter Clodt von Jurgensburg

Saint Petersburg, RussiaGeneral Staff building Quadriga

Saint Petersburg, Russia - Alexandrinsky Theater Quadriga

Brooklyn, New York, USA - Grand Army Plaza Quadriga atop an arch , by sculptor Frederick William MacMonnies.

Detroit, Michigan, USA - Victory and Progress quadriga atop the Wayne County Building, by sculptor J. Massey Rhind

Minnesotta, USA - Progress of the State quadriga atop the Minnesota State Capitol, by sculptors Daniel Chester French and Edward Clark Potter

References : it.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vittoriano

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