Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles statue
Public Art : Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles statue
Also Known As: The white Raffles
Sculptor: © Copy of Thomas Woolner's original
Description: This polymarble statue of Raffles is a
cast copy of Thomas Woolner's original bronze statue which stands outside the Victoria Theatre in Singapore.
Date Unveiled: 1972
Location: The white statue of Sir Stamford Raffles
can be found along the Singapore River behind the old Parliament House a short walk from the original bronze
On this historic site, Sir Stamford Raffles first landed in Singapore on 28th january 1819 and with
genius and perception changed the destiny of Singapore from an obscure fishing village to a great
seaport and modern metropolis.
RAFFLES' LANDING SITE
This statue of Sir Stamford Thomas Raffles (1781-1826) marks that part of the river bank where he was
said to have first landed on 29 January 1819.
Raffles, an agent of the British East India Company, ventured to Singapore hoping to establisha free
port and a halfway point for traders along the China-India trade routes. After signing the preliminary
treaty with Temenggong Abdul Rahman, the official treaty with Sultan Hussein of Johore-Riau was signed
on 6 February 1819, giving the British the right to establish a trading port on the island.
The Dutch protested as Singapore was then part of the Dutch Johor-Riau Empire. The dispute was resolved
with the signing of the 1824 Anglo-Dutch Treaty, where the British acquired Malacca, Penang and
Singapore, while the Dutch gained Bencoolen (present day Bengkulu) and the rest of Indonesia. In August
1824, another Treaty of Friendship and Alliance was signed , giving the British the governance of
From the 19th Century, Singapore's success as the "Great Commercial Emporium of the East" owed much to
its free port status and strategic location. The Singapore River became the main artery of trade, where
port, trading and warehouse facilities developed along the riverbanks.
In 1867, Singapore became a British Crown Colony after the transfer of the Straits Settlements from the
British Administration in India to the Colonial Office in London. It remained so until 1959 when
Singapore achieved self-government.