Statue of Jan Jindrich

Statue of John Henry, Brno, Czech Republic

Public Art: Statue of Jan Jindrich

Also Known as : Statue of John Henry

Sculptor:© Josef Leonard Weber (? - 1766)

Description: Marble statue of John Henry of Luxemburg ( 12th February - 12th November 1375)  was count of Tyrol  (1335-1341) and Margrave of Moravia from 1349 until his death in 1375. Moravian emblem of an eagle is carved on the shield being held in left hand.

Date: 1742-1749

Location: The statue of Jan Jindrich is located between two columns supporting the balcony at the former Augustinian Monastery now the Governor's Palace in Brno, Czech Republic.

Background:

The statue adorns the building which was originally a Augustinian monastery founded in 1350 by Margrave John Henry. In the 18th Century it was rebuilt  and became the seat for the Moravian provincial adminstration.

Background of John Henry of Luxemburg:

John Henry (12th February 1322 – 12 November 1375) was the son of King John of Bohemia from the House of Luxembourg (AKA John the Blind) and Queen Elisabeth of Bohemia, his younger brother was Emperor Charles IV.

His dad, John the Blind, decided to patch things up with his rival Henry of Gorizia-Tyrol (who he had kicked off the Bohemian thrown in 1310) by organising 8 year old John Henry to marry his 5 year old daughter Margaret Maultasch in 1330. OK, it wasn't really a patch up but a marriage of convenience to gain  more Luxembourg lands. Unbeknown to John the Blind, however, Emperor Louis IV had secretly promised the large parts of the lands to the Austrian dukes (Henry of Gorizia-Tyrol's nephews) .

So when John Henry's father-in-law died in 1335 the Emperor gave the Carinthia and Southern Tyrol to his sister's children, the Habsburg dukes. Following this John the Blind did some campaigning on his son's behalf and managaed to secure John Henry, Tryol. John Henry's older brother Charles IV acted as regent for his 14 year old brother but soon upset the Tryolian nobility. Things didn't get better for the philandering John Henry. His wife, who had grown into a decidely ugly woman, despised him (though I'm guessing the feeling was mutual). Margaret refused him entrance to the Castle Tyrol in 1341 and declared their marriage a sham as it had never been consummated. While John Henry fled to to the Patriarchal State of Aquileia,  Emperor Louis IV, supported Margaret as he wanted Tryol for his family. He helped in proving the marriage was invalid and was instrumental in setting up his son to marry ugly Margaret (now Countess of Tyrol) securing the land he so desperately wanted.

A humiliated, John Henry returned to Bohemia and after his marriage was disolved in 1349 he married Margaret of Troppau (Margaret of Opava), daughter of Nicholas II, Duke of Troppau. Without an inheritance his brother Charles IV gave him the Kingdom of Bohemia (Movaria) as a appange. Despite having several sons none bore children so John Henry's line ended in 1411.

Acknowledgements:A special thank you to Silvie Bee for kindly providing the photographs.

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