Statue of Matthew Flinders
Public Art : Matthew Flinders statue
Date Unveiled: c.1891
Location: The statue of Matthew Flinders can be found
in a niche of the Bridge Street facade of the Department of Lands Building, Bridge Street, Sydney, Australia.
So Who Was Matthew Flinders? : Matthew Flinders was a
naval navigator, chart maker and explorer who was the first person to circumnavigate the Australian Continent (New
Holland) in the ship 'Investigator', in 1802.
Matthew Flinders was born at Donington in Lincolnshire, England on the 16th of March 1774. As a
child he dreamed of becoming an explorer after being enthralled by Daniel Defoe's novel Robinson
Crusoe. By the age of fifteen he had joined the navy and begun training as a navigator. In 1795 he
had his first venture to Australia on the ship, HMS Reliance.
In 1801, the British Government invited Flinders to go back from whence he came, to head an
expedition to circumnavigate Australia and chart the coastline. He sailed back to Australia as commander of the
HMS Investigator and set sail from Sydney in July, 1802. By June 1803 he returned to
Sydney, having charted the east coast, Western Australia’s coastline (to include Cape Leeuwin and King George Sound) and the Gulf of Carpentaria, thus successfully
Unfortunately fate was about to take a nasty turn. On his journey back to
England in 1803, he set ashore in Mauritius for repairs on his schooner. Unbeknownst to him, England was at war
with France (Napoleonic Wars) and he was promptly charged as a spy and interned by the French, in Mauritius. For
seven long years Flinders remained a prisoner on the island. Unfortunately poor old Flinders never quite recovered
from his ordeal. Shortly before his death in 1814 he completed a book, 'Voyage to Terra
Australis'. Terra Australis meaning southern land which was derived from the word "auster" which was
a Latin name for southern wind. Flinders died at the age of forty on the day his book was published.
It was Matthew Flinders who suggested that the continent take on the name
"Australia" which was later adopted in 1824.