Ottawa is the Capital of Canada and lies on the Ottawa River. The Ottawa region is the home of the Odawa First Nations people. Early European settlers made their living in the fur and timber trade using the Ottawa River for transportation. Following the War of 1812, the government began sponsored immigration schemes which saw the arrival of Irish Catholics and Protestants who took up jobs in the Rideau Canal project and the booming timber industry. On the 31st of December, 1857, Queen Victoria was asked to choose a capital for the Province of Canada (modern-day Ontario and Quebec) and chose Ottawa.