Auckland (Tāmaki-makau-rau) is located in the North Island of New Zealand. Following the signing of the Treaty of Waitangi in February 1840, Auckland was declared the capital of New Zealand by the new Governor, William Hobson, who named it after George Eden, Earl of Auckland. This didn’t last very long, with Wellington being named the new capital in 1865. The area was originally settled by the Māori around 1350. The Auckland area is built on a volcanic field which has produced about 50 volcanoes, however, most of the cones have been quarried away.